A relatively new phenomenon in fraud cases is the multi-jurisdictional settlement agreement. Various of these agreements – in which a suspect settles prosecution with multiple countries – have been subject of media attention and therefore it is unlikely that they escaped the attention of professionals in this field. Also in the Netherlands the phenomenon of multi-jurisdictional settlement agreement has set foot on the ground. A settlement with a Dutch company and the US authorities resulted in a transaction of USD 795 million of which the Dutch authorities got their fair share (USD 397,5 million). A profitable deal for the Dutch as this deal – according to a letter of the Dutch Minister of Justice to the government – made it possible for the Dutch authorities to reach their financial goals in the fight against fraud. In principle, these agreements however do not lead to the result that all parties involved are ‘off the hook’. Various entities and private persons are still under criminal investigation by the Dutch authorities. In our opinion it is wise to guarantee their rights of defense in an early stage of the investigation, as every party involved has an interest that possible future issues deriving from such an investigation and settlement agreement land on their feet. Time to take a closer look into this phenomenon.